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Advancing Wave Energy Technologies through Open Water Testing at PacWave

Cooperative Agreements to USA, Canada, and International Individuals,
Nonprofits, For-Profits, and Agencies for Energy-Saving Research

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U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and Water Power Technologies Office (WPTO)

Conf. Date:


LOI Date:


Deadline Date:

10/05/21 5:00 PM ET


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Cooperative agreements to USA, Canada, and International individuals, nonprofit and for-profit organizations, and government and tribal agencies for research addressing water-energy technology. Applicants must complete required registrations and submit a concept paper prior to applying. Historically underrepresented individuals and groups are highly encouraged to apply.

This FOA supports open water Research and Development (R&D) at the PacWave test site1 that is needed to advance wave energy converter (WEC) technologies towards commercial viability. This FOA will only fund projects that will perform testing at the PacWave South test site.

The R&D activities to be funded under this FOA will support the government-wide approach to the climate crisis by driving the innovation that can lead to the deployment of clean energy technologies, which are critical for climate protection. Specifically, this FOA will support the EERE goal of expanding and diversifying the Nation’s energy portfolio and will make progress on the EERE performance metric of increasing the viability and deployment of renewable energy technologies. Specifically, this FOA supports research that will enable the WEC industry to become commercially competitive in high-cost, early adopter markets, while gaining experience that will enable WEC technologies to be cost-competitive at the utility scale. Ultimately, this FOA will lead to the development of WEC technologies that can capture highly predictable and reliable wave energy resources that will help meet the world’s growing renewable energy needs.

This FOA will support R&D projects across three Topic Areas (TAs). TA1 focuses on the deployment and testing of WECs for remote, microgrid, and open-source R&D applications at PacWave. TA2 will support the development of WEC system designs that can be fabricated, deployed, and tested in future open water testing campaigns at PacWave. TA3 is an open topic area that will support R&D projects at PacWave that advance WECs and supporting technologies. The overall goals of this FOA across all three Topic Areas are to:

  • Advance WEC technologies and validate performance to International Standards
  • Quantify and better understand cost and performance characteristics of WEC technologies;
  • Develop open water testing data sets that can be used to validate and improve WEC designs, design methods, and numerical models;
  • Advance supporting technologies that are necessary to enable a commercially competitive WEC industry. Examples of supporting technologies include but are not limited to, mooring systems, anchors, grid-interconnection hardware, wave measurement technologies, and environmental monitoring technologies;
  • Advance WEC installation, operations, and maintenance strategies;
  • Identify future R&D needed to advance WEC technologies towards commercial viability; and
  • Develop WEC system designs that advance that state-of-the-art.

For additional information on these Topic Areas, see page 11 of the FOA, in Supporting Documents, below.

Applicants are highly encouraged to include individuals from groups historically underrepresented in STEM on their project teams. As part of the application, applicants are required to describe how diversity, equity, and inclusion objectives will be incorporated in the project. Specifically, applicants are required to submit a Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Plan that describes the actions the applicant will take to foster a welcoming and inclusive environment, support people from underrepresented groups in STEM, advance equity, and encourage the inclusion of individuals from these groups in the project; and the extent the project activities will be located in or benefit underserved communities. (See Section IV.D.xv.of the FOA in Supporting Documents, below). The plan should include SMART (Specific, Measurable, Assignable, Realistic and Time-Related) milestones supported by metrics to measure the success of the proposed actions. This plan will be evaluated as part of the technical review process.

Further, Minority Serving Institutions, Minority Business Enterprises, Minority Owned Businesses, Woman Owned Businesses, Veteran Owned Businesses, or entities located in a underserved community that meet the eligibility requirements (See Section III) are encouraged to apply as the prime applicant or participate on an application as a proposed partner to the prime applicant.

For allowable costs and pre-award costs, see page 57 of the FOA, in Supporting Documents, below.

GrantWatch ID#:

GrantWatch ID#: 197486

Estimated Total Program Funding:


Number of Grants:

Up to 13 awards across three topic areas.

Estimated Size of Grant:

Topic Area 1: up to $15,000,000
Topic Area 2: up to $5,000,000
Topic Area 3: up to $7,000,000

Term of Contract:

Topic Area 1: up to 36 months
Topic Area 2: up to 24 months
Topic Area 3: up to 48 months

Additional Eligibility Criteria:

Individuals: U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents are eligible to apply for funding as a prime recipient or subrecipient.

Domestic Entities:
- For-profit entities, educational institutions, and nonprofits that are incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a particular state or territory of the United States and have a physical location for business operations in the United States are eligible to apply for funding as a prime recipient or subrecipient. Nonprofit organizations described in section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that engaged in lobbying activities after December 31, 1995 are not eligible to apply for funding.
- State, local, and tribal government entities are eligible to apply for funding as a prime recipient or subrecipient.
- DOE/NNSA FFRDCs are not eligible to apply for funding as either a prime recipient or subrecipient.
- Oregon State University who is an acting administrator of the PacWave Facility is not eligible to apply as a prime recipient or a subrecipient.
- Non-DOE/NNSA FFRDCs are eligible to apply for funding as a subrecipient, but are not eligible to apply as a prime recipient.
- Federal agencies and instrumentalities (other than DOE) are eligible to apply for funding as a subrecipient, but are not eligible to apply as a prime recipient.

Foreign Entities:
Foreign entities, whether for-profit or otherwise, are eligible to apply for funding under this FOA. Other than as provided in the “Individuals” or “Domestic Entities” sections above, all prime recipients receiving funding under this FOA must be incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a state or territory of the United States and have a physical location for business operations in the United States. If a foreign entity applies for funding as a prime recipient, it must designate in the Full Application a subsidiary or affiliate incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a state or territory of the United States to be the prime recipient. The Full Application must state the nature of the corporate relationship between the foreign entity and domestic subsidiary or affiliate.
For additional information on Foreign Entity eligibility, see page 33 of the FOA, in Supporting Documents, below.

Incorporated Consortia: Incorporated consortia, which may include domestic and/or foreign entities, are eligible to apply for funding as a prime recipient or subrecipient.

Unincorporated Consortia: Unincorporated Consortia, which may include domestic and foreign entities, must designate one member of the consortium to serve as the prime recipient/consortium representative. The prime recipient/consortium representative must be incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a state or territory of the United States. The eligibility of the consortium will be determined by the eligibility of the prime recipient/consortium representative under Section III.A. of the FOA.

For additional eligibility information on Incorporated and Unincorporated Consortia, see page 34 of the FOA, in Supporting Documents, below.

Projects that propose testing at the PacWave North test site will not be considered for funding.

EERE will not consider applications for renewals of existing EERE-funded awards through this FOA.

Pre-Application Information:

- FOA Issue Date: 07/06/2021
- Informational Webinar: 7/22/2021
- Submission Deadline for Concept Papers: 8/13/2021, 5:00 pm ET
- Submission Deadline for Full Applications: 10/05/2021, 5:00 pm ET
- Expected Submission Deadline for Replies to Reviewer Comments: 11/08/2021, 5:00 pm ET
- Expected Date for EERE Selection Notifications: January 2022
- Expected Timeframe for Award Negotiations: June 2022

Only applicants who have submitted an eligible Concept Paper will be eligible to submit a Full Application.

Applicants are strongly encouraged to submit their Concept Papers, Full Applications, and Replies to Reviewer Comments at least 48 hours in advance of the submission deadline.

There are several one-time actions before submitting an application in response to this FOA, and it is vital that applicants address these items as soon as possible. Some may take several weeks, and failure to complete them could interfere with an applicant’s ability to apply to this FOA, or to meet the negotiation deadlines and receive an award if the application is selected. These requirements are as follows:
1. Register and create an account on EERE Exchange, in Contact Information, below.
2. Obtain a DUNS number (including the plus 4 extension, if applicable) at
3. Register with the SAM at
4. Register in FedConnect at To create an organization account, your organization’s SAM MPIN is required.
5. Register in (
6. Electronic Authorization of Applications and Award Documents: Submission of an application and supplemental information under this FOA through electronic systems used by the DOE, including EERE Exchange and, constitutes the authorized representative’s approval and electronic signature.
See page 68 of the FOA, in Supporting Documents, below, for additional information on registration requirements.

The cost share must be at least 10% of the total allowable costs for research and development projects.

Additional Information:

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For a list of application documents, go to the Package tab (press Preview) on the link above.

Contact Information:

Before starting your grant application, please review the funding source's website listed below for updates/changes/addendums/conferences/LOIs.

To apply to this FOA, applicants must register with and submit application materials through EERE Exchange at:

Questions about this FOA:
Problems with EERE Exchange: - Include FOA name and number in subject line.

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Geographic Focus:

USA: Alabama;   Alaska;   Arizona;   Arkansas;   California;   Colorado;   Connecticut;   Delaware;   Florida;   Georgia;   Hawaii;   Idaho;   Illinois;   Indiana;   Iowa;   Kansas;   Kentucky;   Louisiana;   Maine;   Maryland;   Massachusetts;   Michigan;   Minnesota;   Mississippi;   Missouri;   Montana;   Nebraska;   Nevada;   New Hampshire;   New Jersey;   New Mexico;   New York City;   New York;   North Carolina;   North Dakota;   Ohio;   Oklahoma;   Oregon;   Pennsylvania;   Rhode Island;   South Carolina;   South Dakota;   Tennessee;   Texas;   Utah;   Vermont;   Virginia;   Washington, DC;   Washington;   West Virginia;   Wisconsin;   Wyoming

USA Territories: American Samoa (USA)   Guam (USA)   Puerto Rico (USA)   Virgin Islands (USA)   Northern Mariana Islands (USA)

USA Compact Free Associations: The Federated States of Micronesia (USA)   Marshall Islands (USA)   Republic of Palau (USA)

Canada: Alberta;   British Columbia;   Manitoba;   New Brunswick;   Newfoundland and Labrador;   Northwest Territories;   Nova Scotia;   Nunavut;   Ontario;   Prince Edward Island;   Quebec;   Saskatchewan;   Yukon;


International country outside of the USA, Israel and Canada.

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